Design Build Construction
Design-Build construction is a simple construction process that involves the combined efforts of a collaborative team to handle your project from start to finish. This collaboration makes it possible to achieve results that would otherwise be impractical. This process stems from the idea that having owners sit down with their architects, builders, engineers, and estimators, all at the same table, to generate the best possible solutions for each project. This makes way for increased creativity, efficiency, and streamlined schedules in addition to cost reduction throughout.
HOW DOES DESIGN-BUILD CONSTRUCTION WORK?
With the Design-Build construction process, owners benefit from a single point of contact for all phases of the project, from the design stage and all the way through the build. It means having a single source of responsibility and accountability for the entire project. The Design-Builder handles estimation, assessments, pre-construction, architecture, schematics, engineering, subcontracting, construction, and post-construction, while managing all contracts with other companies (including subcontractors, vendors, and material providers). With most construction methods, the owner has multiple contacts for these different aspects of their build. The two other most common construction methods include construction management and general contracting (design-bid-build). This involves the owner being in contact with different entities for architectural design and for construction. With Design-Build, all elements of the project are brought together under one source, with a single team working in collaboration for improved efficiency and single-source accountability. This method allows for unforeseen costs and schedule delays to be avoided as a single project team is able to collaborate to find smart solutions, create a sound design, focus on a defined budget, and streamline the schedule to ensure that all of your building and business goals are met.
THE DESIGN-BUILD CONSTRUCTION PROCESS
There are five primary phases of the Design-Build construction process. You’ll begin by selecting a Design-Builder (phase one). Then, there will be the pre-construction assessments phase (phase two), followed by architectural design (phase three). Your team will then move onto construction (phase four), then post-construction processes (phase five). This is much like other construction methods, except that the phases of the Design-Build process will overlap, take place concurrently, and ensure faster delivery of your project.
For your project to be completed successfully, one of the most crucial phases is pre-construction. This is where your business goals and financial needs are assessed and where your Design-Build team learns about your business, industry, vision, and various needs of your project. Architects and engineers will work together on assessing the architectural, mechanical, and electrical systems, while also reviewing your existing floor plans, preparations for fire and smoke safety, finishes for interior rooms, and various structural systems. As this information is being gathered and evaluated, a field assessment will also be taking place with surveyors ensuring that the job site is construction ready. In cases where an owner is aiming to improve a currently existing facility, the Design-Builder will evaluate the existing space to identify the needs of your project. Through these assessments, the essential parameters, such as codes, compliance requirements, topography, weather, and natural resources will be defined.
From this point, with all of the necessary details and needs of the project established, the Design-Build team will work with you to ensure that the ideal design and construction program is used to achieve the goals of your business and facility on budget and on schedule. This is where creative solutions are identified and the scope of your project is established, all with the goal of making your vision a reality.
ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AND VALUE ENGINEERING PHASE
At the architectural design phase of your project, your Design-Build team has established your goals, schedule, budget and cost, work site, and architectural and mechanical needs. This is where the projects managers and construction team begin working with the architectural team to find cost savings through value engineering. While other construction methods involve multiple contacts, Design-Build involves one point of contact for all of this. Your Design-Builder may use Design-Build employed architects or may subcontract specialty design architect partners. In either case, the architect will work on the same Design-Build team and under the same contract. Everyone on your Design-Build team will work together to develop a construction design that meets all of your needs and saves you money. The team works with architects, engineers, construction professionals, subcontractors, and vendors to add value to your project and reduce costs from the very beginning.
With most construction methods, you must face a second bidding phase to select a contractor after the architectural design phase is completed. With Design-Build, this isn’t necessary, so you save time and money. Your job site will be prepared while the design phase is in progress, and many elements of construction can begin at the same time. This is where construction and design overlap to save even more time on your project. In fact, this makes it possible to meet tight schedules and accomplish goals that others cannot. The job is completed quickly with a full accountability to one team and a well defined scope for schedule and budget, though you get the same quality of construction, subcontracting, and materials vendors as you would with any other method.
The final phase of your Design-Build project is post-construction. This is where you will get a walk-through, core documentation, and hand-on training for managing your facility. This is a crucial phase for your build to ensure that owners, facility managers, and management teams are able to manage and maintain the completed build.